Turkey Passport Ranking
The Turkish passport ranking relative to other global passports is calculated by adding up the number of countries that allow Turkey passport holders to enter without a visa (i.e. visa-free countries) and those that allow Turkey passport holders to enter by obtaining a visa on arrival (i.e. visa-on-arrival countries) or an electronic travel authorization (eTA). There are currently a total of 72 Turkey passport visa-free countries, 35 Turkey visa-on-arrival countries, and 3 eTA destinations.
Altogether, Turkey passport holders can enter a total of 110 destinations—either without a visa, through a visa on arrival, or via an eTA. As a result, the Turkey passport ranks 53 in the world.
Separate from these Turkey visa-free countries and visa-on-arrival countries, there are 119 additional destinations which Turkey passport holders either need a physical visa to enter or an eVisa (i.e. visa required countries).
The Republic of Turkey is a transcontinental country that consists of 81 provinces. It is located in Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia with neighboring countries Greece, Bulgaria, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq and Syria. The most important provinces are Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir. Turkey has a surface area of 783,356 square kilometers and is therefore the 36th largest country in the world. The climate is temperate with hot, dry summers and mild winters. Turkey is a roughly rectangular peninsula. Its terrain is characterized by a high central plateau, several mountain ranges and a coastal plain.
The overall population is over 83.1 million people. The capital of the country is Ankara. The most populous city is however Istanbul with more than 15.5 million inhabitants. Other important cities are Anara, Izmir, Ankara, Antalya and Bursa. The largest airport in the nation is Istanbul Airport (IST) with over 52 million yearly passengers. This makes it the 28th busiest airport in the world. Istanbul airport has excellent flight connections to every continent. It is home to the international Turkish Airways airline.
Turkish culture is dominated by a mix of historic cultures, with the Islam as main religion. The official langue is Turkish. The legal system is the civil law based on European models. The government type is a presidential republic. The chief of state and head of government is the elected President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. The elections take place every 5 years and the president is elected indirectly by an absolute majority vote.
The official currency of the country is the Turkish Lira (TRY) with the current exchange rate being TRY 7.8 to the USD. The country has an open economy, generating a GDP of approximately $2.4 trillion. Its citizens have a per capita income of $29,723. The GDP is mostly made up of 2 key sectors, which are services and industry. Its main goods of export are textiles, automobiles, coal, copper, tobacco, cotton and grains. Tourism also plays a large role as a GDP contributor.
Turkey is filled with a variety of urban and natural tourism destinations and attractions. It is known for its picturesque historic sites and different cultural facets. Some of the major destinations include the Aya Sofya, Ephesus, Cappadocia, Topkapi Palace, Pamukkale, the Sumela Monastery and Mount Nemrut. The nation has a total of approximately 52 million tourists visiting every year. Most tourists originate from Europe and its surrounding countries making it a very popular destination especially for Russian tourists.